The GWPC was incorporated as a nonprofit national association, headquartered in the State of Oklahoma, in November, 1983. It was initially incorporated by five states who wanted to form an organization that would serve as a forum to bring together technical and regulatory experts to discuss underground injection control (UIC) issues and overall ground water protection. The founders also sought to develop a strong public outreach/education program to inform the public about the safety of the national UIC program and to develop information that could be used by the states to enhance this effort. Since then the Board of Directors have enhanced GWPC’s overall commitment to broader ground water issues as a recognition that the UIC program is one piece of a much larger effort to effectively protect ground water as an essential component of the ecosystem.
The GWPC is governed by a Board of Directors comprised of senior state agency managers representing the states in each of the USEPA’s ten regions. Board members are elected by their peers. The GWPC core members include representatives of state regulatory agencies responsible for ground water protection and underground injection activity. The purpose of the GWPC is to promote the safest methods and most effective regulations regarding comprehensive ground water protection procedures and underground injection techniques. The Ground Water Research and Education Foundation (GWREF), provides independent research and review of ground water and related matters in an effort to improve technologies and assist State regulatory agencies in waste disposal. GWPC and the Foundation have been credited with carrying out many successful projects that have had significant outcomes regarding best management practices and fair but effective laws regarding comprehensive ground water protection.
The GWPC was founded upon a sound principal from which it has never wavered. It has matured into a respected national association of state ground water and UIC agencies. Along the way, GWPC has had a significant impact in affecting national policy in underground injection and ground water protection.