Our Publications

GWPC and its partnering organizations have produced several reports and publications related to groundwater, source water, UIC, and oil and gas. Publications range from broad topic area pamphlets written for laymen and the general public, to more in-depth reports on topics such as shale gas and state groundwater regulations and processes.

Overview of Groundwater Protection Regulations in Oil and Gas States
This report is part of an update to the Ground Water Protection Council’s 2009 Report, State Oil and Gas Regulations Designed to Protect Water Resources.1 The purpose is to document and outline the range of definitions and requirements for protecting groundwater, based on the regulations of oil and gas agencies and water quality protection agencies in 27 oil and gas producing states. The report is divided into two parts, the first documents the groundwater protection standards for oil and gas agencies and the second part addresses the standards for the water quality protection agencies within the same states. The scope is limited to an overview of regulations that address groundwater quality protection standards through policy statements, definitions, technical requirements such as well casing and cementing depths, groundwater classification and groundwater protection standards. 
State Oil and Gas Regulations designed to protect water resources
In step with dramatic industry growth over the past five years, states have substantially improved groundwater protection laws and regulations governing oil and natural gas production. State regulatory strategies differ in response to unique local circumstances and characteristics; over time, they evolve to address public concerns about the safety and environmental impact of oil and gas development, as well as rapidly changing technologies, new field discoveries, revised leading operational practices, internal and external reviews, and regulatory experience.
This Toolkit is a result of state and EPA collaboration. It could not have been developed without the time, effort and dedication of those who contributed to it and particularly the expertise of the state and EPA regional participants who are implementing the practices in this report.
White Paper II Summarizing a Special Session on Induced Seismicity
The topic of induced seismicity, or earthquakes caused by human activities, and in particular seismicity associated with hydraulic fracturing and disposal wells, has been the source of heightened interest and controversy over the past several years. To help disseminate factual information on the subject, the Ground Water Protection Council (GWPC) and its research arm, the Ground Water Research and Education Foundation (GWREF), decided to include sessions on induced seismicity in two of the organization’s 2013 conferences.
An Assessment of State Needs for Regulating Geologic Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide
This report lays a foundation for states to accurately project additional personnel and associated costs and supporting capital outlay for a Class VI primacy program for “large-scale” geosequestration. The Underground Injection Control (UIC) program, expected to be the resident instrument for implementing the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s sequestration regulatory program, has provided the framework for the safe and effective isolation of fluids injected underground for 30 years.
White Paper Summarizing 2012 Stray Gas Incidence & Response Forum
The purpose of the Forum was to explore the technical and scientific basis for stray gas investigations including the fundamentals of the physical and chemical properties of methane, and factors that influence the occurrence, migration, and fate of methane in the shallow subsurface environment. The conference agenda was structured to address the diverse topics and issues that should be considered during the course of an emergency stray gas incident response.
White Paper Summarizing 2013 Session on Induced Seismicity
This special technology transfer session for seismologists, regulators, and other stakeholders entitled “Assessing & Managing Risk of Induced Seismicity by Injection” was a part of the GWREF Spotlight Series.
State Oil & Gas Regulations Designed to Protect Water Resources
A review of state regulations designed to protect water from oil and gas activities.
State Oil & Gas Agency Groundwater Investigations
The role of state oil and gas agencies in protecting groundwater through investigation and regulatory reform.
Shale Gas Primer
A primer on the development of shale gas reservoirs through hydraulic fracturing and other means.
Injection Wells: An Introduction to Their Use, Operation and Regulation
An introductory brochure on the use, operation, and regulation of underground injection wells.
Ground Water Report
This link downloads the full report.  Individual chapters can be downloaded from the "Programs" section of the website by clicking through to the specific topic.  Groundwater Report links are at the bottom of each corresponding program page. Start by clicking the "PROGRAMS" link on the navigation toolbar above.